Purigen™ controls ammonia, nitrites and nitrates by removing nitrogenous organic waste that would otherwise release these harmful compounds.
Purigen’s™ impact on trace elements is minimal. It significantly raises redox. It polishes water to unparalleled clarity.
Purigen™ darkens progressively as it exhausts, and is easily renewed by treating with bleach. Purigen™ is designed for both marine and freshwater use.
Why Purigen? Selectivity: Purigen® is the highest capacity organic filtration resin on the market. No other products can compare to its ability to clear haziness and polish water to unparalleled clarity. Unlike other products on the market which are simple ion-exchange resins, Purigen® is specifically designed to be an organic scavenging resin. When ion-exchange resins are filled to capacity by metals and other contaminants, Purigen® has barely begun to reach its potential. Purigen® generally ignores simple elemental compounds, having an extreme affinity for nitrogenous organics. The primary source of nitrogenous compounds in an aquarium is waste. Fish, corals, even plants produce nitrogenous waste. Purigen® removes that waste faster and more completely than anything else on the market. Capacity: Purigen’s™ possesses enhanced capacity owing to its vast surface area. All other resins on the market are purely spherical extruded beads. These beads remain smooth even under a microscope. Purigen® is both spherical and macroreticular. It has microscopic pores that increase its usable surface area to many times that of a purely spherical resin. Regeneration: Purigen® can also be regenerated. As it adsorbs waste products, Purigen® will change color from a pale blonde to a dark brown, almost black. Once it is exhausted, it can be regenerated with a solution of bleach and water. The bleach will literally “burn off” the organics that have been removed from the tank. Watch out for products that claim to be regenerable with a brine solution. That is the regeneration procedure for ion-exchange purposes. A brine solution will not remove organics. While such resins have a limited capacity for organic adsorption, a brine regeneration process only replaces removed ionic compounds. It does not destroy large organic molecules that were removed, which is the primary function of organic adsorption resins.
DIRECTIONS: Rinse before use. Use in a fine mesh filter bag. Each 1 L treats up to 4,000 L (1,000 gallons*) for up to six months. Exhaustion is indicated by a pronounced discoloration of the beads to dark brown or black.
Regeneration: Purigen will turn from its normal color to a deep brown when it is exhausted. Purigen can easily be regenerated by soaking it in a solution of hyperchlorite (generic) bleach overnight. The Purigen™will return to its original color. Then rinse well and dechlorinate using Prime™or Safe™to remove any chlorine. For freshwater, use a buffer to adjust the pH as needed due to bleach’s high pH.
This product is sold by volume. Cited weight is minimal weight.
Unlike competing products, the bacteria employed by Stability™ are non-sulfur fixing and will not produce toxic hydrogen sulfide. Stability™ is completely harmless to all aquatic organisms as well as aquatic plants, thus there is no danger of over use. Stability™ is the culmination of nearly a decade of research and development and represents the current state of the art in natural biological management.
Why Stability? The bacteria used in competing products are inherently unstable. The conditions necessary for their growth and development fall into a very narrow range of temperatures, pH, organic loads, etc. When any of these parameters are not strictly within the proper range, the bacterial culture quickly crashes and dies. Stability® does not contain any of the aforementioned bacteria. The bacteria strains in Stability® have been in development for over a decade. The necessary conditions for growth of our bacterial strains encompass a very broad range. When other bacteria begin to die off (usually from high organic loads caused by the undetected death of an organism), Stability® simply works harder and grows faster! The strains function in fresh or saltwater. Stability® contains both nitrifying and denitrifying bacteria, a blend found in no other product. Additionally, Stability® contains facultative bacterial strains which are able to adapt to either aerobic or anaerobic conditions. The bacteria in Stability® are non-sulfur fixing, another innovation in the industry. Most other bacterial supplements will form toxic hydrogen sulfide under the proper conditions. Stability® will not, ever.
DIRECTIONS: Use 1 capful (5 mL) for each 40 L (10 gallons*) on the first day with a new aquarium. Then use 1 capful for each 80 L (20 gallons*) daily for 7 days. Fish and other aquatic species may be introduced at any time as long as dosage is maintained for 7 days. For optimum biofilter performance use 1 capful for each 40 L (10 gallons*) once a month or with each water change and whenever introducing new fish or whenever medicating an aquarium.
Directions: Use 7 g (1 level teaspoon) for every 40 L (10 gallons*) daily until desired pH is reached (this dose raises alkalinity by about 2 meq/L (5.6 dKH)). If water is soft or not well buffered, use with Acid Buffer™ /A>.
HINTS: Alkaline Buffer™ will not lower pH. It may be added directly to the aquarium at any time. It preferentially buffers at pH 7.8, but can manage any pH between 7.2 and 8.5 when used with Acid Buffer™ /A>. It is gentle, safe, and enhances the freshwater environment
A 250 g bottle treats 800 gallons.
It is completely compatible with Neutral Regulator™ and may be combined with it in fixed ratios to yield a preset pH.
Adjust water to the pH range 5.8 - 6.8.
250gm Size Treats over 800 gallons.
A chemically sound blend of salts designed to replicate the natural environment of Cichlids. It contains all essential elements such as magnesium, calcium, potassium, sulfate, chloride, including trace elements such as iron, manganese, iodide. It does not include unnecessary or harmful constituents such as nitrates, phosphates, cadmium, lithium, arsenic. Specific dosing is suggested for lakes Tanganyika, Malawi, and Victoria. South and Central American Cichlids from alkaline waters will also benefit from the use of this salt.
Although the major Rift Lakes contain basically the same mineral salts, they do so in greatly differing concentrations. Cichlid Lake Salt™ is formulated so that dosages vary depending on the lake of origin and need only be added when setting up an aquarium or with water changes.
Many competing products are little more than combinations of Epsom salt and bicarbonate of soda. This will not provide a complete replication of the mineral salts that are contained in the lakes of Africa, in particular calcium and potassium
The salt should be used with Seachem's Tanganyika Buffer or Malawi/Victoria Buffer. A 250gm bottle treats 160 Tanganyika gallons, 350 Malawi gallons, or 500 Victoria gallons.
Use Seachem’s Cichlid Trace to restore and maintain important trace elements between water changes.
Directions: All doses given for 40 L (10 gallons). TANGANYIKA: Use 40 mL (8 capfuls). MALAWI: Use 20 mL (4 capfuls). VICTORIA: Use 10 mL (2 capfuls). (Note: The 2 & 4 L container’s cap is 10 mL). pH BUFFERING: Seachem’s Tanganyika Buffer™ (pH 9.0–9.4) and Malawi/Victoria Buffer™ (pH 7.8–8.4) should be used to adjust carbonate hardness and pH. TIPS: Use when setting up an aquarium and when making water changes. To add salt to an established tank, base dose on water being changed. Do not use salt when simply replacing evaporated water. It is best to dissolve the salt in freshwater before use
A 250gm bottle treats 160 Tanganyika gallons, 350 Malawi gallons, or 500 Victoria gallons.
It contains a natural carbonate buffer designed to enhance the natural environment of lake cichlids by increasing hardness, buffer capacity, and controlling pH at 9.2. A 250 g bottle treats 800-1600 gallons.
Directions: Use 5 g (1 level teaspoon) for each 40–80 L (10 to 20 gallons) of water each day until desired pH is attained and maintained. Thereafter, use as required to maintain pH, usually no more than once every two to three weeks.
HINTS: It is best to dissolve the buffer in freshwater before use. Use when setting up an aquarium or making water changes (preferably after the addition of Seachem’s Cichlid Lake Salt) and between water changes as needed to maintain pH. Seachem’s Tanganyika Buffer™ is formulated to maintain a pH between 9.0 and 9.4, depending on the amount used. For lower pH, use Malawi/Victoria Buffer (pH 7.8–8.4), either alone or in combination with Tanganyika Buffer.
Directions Use 5 g (1 level teaspoon) for each 40-80 L (10 to 20 gallons*) of water each day until desired pH is attained and maintained. Thereafter, use as required to maintain pH, usually no more than once every two to three weeks.
TIPS: It is best to dissolve the buffer in freshwater before use. Use when setting up an aquarium or making water changes (preferably after the addition of Cichlid Lake Salt) and between water changes as needed to maintain pH. Seachem’s Malawi/Victoria Buffer is formulated to maintain a pH between 7.8 and 8.4, depending on the amount used. To attain a lower pH than 7.8, you may use Seachem’s Acid Buffer in combination with Malawi/Victoria Buffer™.
To attain a higher pH than 8.4, use Tanganyika Buffer.
A 250 g bottle treats 800 -1600 gallons.
To lower pH below 7.0 use Neutral Regulator with Discus Buffer. To raise pH above 7.0 use with Alkaline Regulator. All of these products will enhance and stabilize the freshwater aquarium environment.
Contains phosphate buffers and conditioning agents. Safe for all freshwater fish acclimated to neutral pH.
Why Neutral Regulator? In addition to Neutral Regulator’s™ superior buffering capacity, it will remove chlorine and chloramine, bind ammonia, nitrite, and nitrate, stimulate slime coat production, and buffer the pH to 7.0.
Directions: Use 1 level teaspoon for every 40-80 L (10-20 gallons*) once or twice a month (or as necessary to maintain a pH of 7.0.) Neutral Regulator may be added directly to the aquarium at any time. Ideally, it should be used when adding or changing water by dissolving in the replacement water.
It contains pure phosphate buffers for pH control and conditioners for chlorine, chloramine, and ammonia control. Adjusts pH level to neutral and maintains it. Softens and conditions the water.
250gm Size Treats over 800 gallons. Freshwater use only.
Reef Advantage Calcium is a non-caustic (ph 8.3-8.6) optimized blend of ionic calcium. It also includes magnesium & strontium in amounts proportionate to typical utilization ratios (100:5:0.1, Ca:Mg:Sr).This allows one to maintain these two important elements while maintaining calcium. Unlike limewater (Kalkwasser), it does not have a caustic pH and will not deplete magnesium. Used as directed, it will not deplete alkalinity.
To prevent coral problems, you must provide calcium Reef Advantage Calcium and carbonates (Reef Builder or Reef Carbonate).
Use Reef Status™: Calcium to measure calcium.
DO NOT OVERDOSE: Excess calcium may enhance the loss of carbonate alkalinity. Do not directly mix with any carbonate supplement. Best if calcium & carbonate additives are added on alternate days or at least 30 minutes apart.
Liquid Marine Buffer is formulated not to disrupt the natural ionic balance of marine water with prolonged use. Contains a natural balance of sodium, magnesium, calcium and potassium salts of carbonate, bicarbonate, and borate, formulated for enhanced and lasting buffer capacity at pH 8.3 without sacrificing calcium. It dissolves readily and does not obscure water clarity. Treats up to 4,000 gallons.
Why Liquid Marine Buffer? Liquid Marine Buffer™ shares the same blend as Marine Buffer™ powder; thus, it confers the same benefits. It is a blended buffer that drives and holds your pH at 8.3 because of the blend. The pK of Liquid Marine Buffer™ is actually slightly higher than 8.3 in order to combat the influx of bicarbonate at every water change.Total Alkalinity is a measurement of three main ions: carbonate, bicarbonate, and borate. In saltwater, bicarbonate drives the pH toward 7.8, carbonate drives pH toward 9.1, and borate toward 9.5 or more. Because of the chemistry of buffering systems, the closer you get the pH to the pK of a buffering system, the harder it is for the pH to shift. So, if you blend a buffer so that the combined product drives the pH toward 8.3, then the more you use, the more stable the pH becomes. That is the principle behind Marine Buffer™. It is a blended buffer that drives and holds your pH at 8.3 because of the blend. The catch to this seemingly simple solution is that most salt mixes contain substantial amounts of bicarbonate salts. This shifts the pK of the buffering system further towards 7.8, and a buffer that shoots for 8.3 will never quite get there. Thus, the pK of Marine Buffer is actually slightly higher than 8.3 in order to combat the influx of bicarbonate at every water change. Marine Buffer™ was the first buffer on the market which contained borate salts (which make a saltwater buffering system much more stable), and Marine Buffer™ remains the most effective pH buffer on the market for marine aquaria.
Instructions: Use 1 capful (5 mL) for every 20 L (5 gallons) daily until pH stabilizes at 8.3. (Note: The 2 & 4 L container’s cap is 10 mL). This may take from a day to a week depending on original pH, alkalinity and buffer system balance. Thereafter, use as needed to maintain pH.
Why Reef Complete? Reef Complete® is a blended product. It is not simply calcium chloride. Commercially available calcium chloride contains ammonia. Unlike other ionic calcium supplements, Reef Complete® is blended to a higher pH in order to force the ammonia to gas off into the atmosphere. In addition, Reef Complete® is more concentrated than any other liquid product on the market. Reef Complete® contains 160,000 ppm calcium. Our nearest competitor’s product is only 110,000 ppm calcium.
Marine Buffer™ is a blended product and is not just sodium bicarbonate or sodium carbonate, commonly sold as a substitute. Such products can raise pH to dangerous levels if not used properly.
Marine Buffer is formulated not to disrupt the natural ionic balance of marine water with prolonged use. Contains a natural balance of sodium, magnesium, calcium and potassium salts of carbonate, bicarbonate, and borate, formulated for enhanced and lasting buffer capacity at pH 8.3 without sacrificing calcium. It dissolves readily and does not obscure water clarity. Treats up to 4,000 gallons.
Why Marine Buffer? Total Alkalinity is a measurement of three main ions: carbonate, bicarbonate, and borate. In saltwater, bicarbonate drives the pH toward 7.8, carbonate drives pH toward 9.1, and borate toward 9.5 or more. Because of the chemistry of buffering systems, the closer you get the pH to the pK of a buffering system, the harder it is for the pH to shift. So, if you blend a buffer so that the combined product drives the pH toward 8.3, then the more you use, the more stable the pH becomes. That is the principle behind Marine Buffer™. It is a blended buffer that drives and holds your pH at 8.3 because of the blend. The catch to this seemingly simple solution is that most salt mixes contain substantial amounts of bicarbonate salts. This shifts the pK of the buffering system further towards 7.8, and a buffer that shoots for 8.3 will never quite get there. Thus, the pK of Marine Buffer is actually slightly higher than 8.3 in order to combat the influx of bicarbonate at every water change. Marine Buffer™ was the first buffer on the market which contained borate salts (which make a saltwater buffering system much more stable), and Marine Buffer™ remains the most effective pH buffer on the market for marine aquaria.
Instructions: Add 1 level tsp. for each 20 gallons. Dissolve in at least 1 cup of freshwater. This dose will also raise the alkalinity by about 1 meg/L. Add daily until pH stabalizes at 8.3. This can take from a day to a week, depending on original pH and alkalinity. Thereafter, use biweekly or monthly to maintain a pH of 8.3.
DO NOT DIRECTLY MIX WITH CALCIUM, MAGNESIUM OR STRONTIUM SUPPLEMENT.
Reef Calcium may be used alone to maintain calcium but will provide enhanced levels of coral growth when used in conjunction with an ionic calcium supplement (Reef Complete or Reef Advantage Calcium). Reef Calcium is intended to maintain calcium levels; if calcium becomes seriously depleted one should either perform a water change or use an ionic calcium supplement to restore the depleted level of calcium.
Why Reef Calciuim? Reef Calcium™ utilizes a chained organic calcium rather than an ionic calcium. When a coral absorbs a molecule into its tissue, it uses the same amount of energy regardless of molecular size. However, charged molecules require more energy. When an uncharged molecule of Reef Calcium™ is absorbed, the coral acquires multiple calcium atoms as well as an easily metabolized carbohydrate with less energy expended than it uses for ionic calcium uptake. Therefore, at lower calcium levels, corals can still take in as much calcium through our organic chains as they would at much higher levels of ionic calcium.
Directions: Add 1 capful (5 mL) per 80 L (20 gallons) twice a week. You can increase the dose or frequency based on growth response but do not exceed 3 capfuls per 80 L (20 gallons) per day. Each dose will raise calcium by about 3 mg/L.
Guaranteed Analysis: Calcium (Ca) MIN. 5.0% , MAX 5.2Each 100 mL treats up to 1,600 L (400 gallons).
Reef Builder ™ raises carbonate alkalinity without immediately impacting on pH. With long term use there will be a tendency to stabilize at pH 8.3. Used as directed, Reef Builder™ will not deplete calcium, magnesium, or strontium which usually tend to precipitate with increasing alkalinity.
Reef Builder™ and Reef Buffer™(below) may be used together. Use Reef Builder™ to raise carbonate alkalinity without affecting pH. Use Reef Builder to raise carbonate alkalinity AND pH.
Why Reef Builder? Unlike the competition, Reef Builder™ contains calcium, magnesium, and strontium to compensate for the inevitable loss which occurs when raising alkalinity. It also contains sufficient magnesium to restore magnesium routinely depleted
Used as directed, Reef Carbonate™ will not deplete calcium, magnesium, or strontium which usually tend to precipitate with increasing alkalinity. Reef alkalinity should be maintained at 3–5 meq/L (8–14 dKH). Alkalinity should not be allowed to fall below 2 meq/L.
Why Reef Carbonate? Whereas competing products simply use sodium bicarbonate, Reef Carbonate™ is made with a blend of carbonate and bicarbonate salts. This blend of salts results in Reef Carbonate™ yielding a pK of roughly 9.0 in saltwater (higher than competing products). In a closed reef system, the multitude of organics produced by reef inhabitants tends to force pH downward, but the advantage of Reef Carbonate’s™ higher pK is a stabilization of pH around 8.3-8.4. Competing products’ formulations make them incapable of such a claim, so pH will always fall below desirable levels for a reef aquarium.
DO NOT OVERDOSE: Excess alkalinity may enhance the loss of calcium, magnesium, and strontium. Do not directly mix with any calcium, magnesium, or strontium supplement. Best if calcium & carbonate additives are added on alternate days or at least 30 minutes apart.